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There are different types of fats, with some fats being healthier than others. To help make sure you stay healthy, it is important to eat unsaturated fats in small amounts as part of a balanced diet. When eaten in large amounts, all fats, including healthy fats, can contribute to weight gain. Fat is higher in energy kilojoules than any other nutrient and so eating less fat overall is likely to help with weight loss. Eating less saturated and trans fats may help lower your risk of heart disease.

When buying products check the labels and choose the varieties that are lower in saturated and trans fats and higher in poly and monounsaturated fats. So a diet that is low in saturated fats and trans fats, but that also includes moderate amounts of unsaturated fats will help you stay healthy. Eating greater amounts of saturated fat is linked with an increased risk of heart disease and high blood cholesterol levels. These fats are usually solid at room temperature and are found in:.

Unsaturated fats are an important part of a healthy diet. These fats help reduce the risk of heart disease and lower cholesterol levels among other health benefits when they replace saturated fats in the diet. Trans fats are unsaturated fats that have been processed and as a result, behave like saturated fats. It is important to lower the amounts of trans fats you eat to help you stay healthy.

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Trans fats are found in many packaged foods and also in butter and some margarines. Use food labels to compare foods and choose those with fewer trans fats. Food and drink provide the energy and nutrients you need to be healthy. Understanding these nutrition terms may make it easier for you to make better food choices. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. The body produces many amino acids and others come from food. The body absorbs amino acids through the small intestine into the blood.


Then the blood carries them throughout the body. Glucose — also called blood sugar — is the main sugar found in the blood and the main source of energy for your body. A unit of energy in food. Carbohydrates, fats, protein, and alcohol in the foods and drinks we eat provide food energy or "calories. Carbohydrates are one of the main types of nutrients.

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Your digestive system changes carbohydrates into glucose blood sugar. Your body uses this sugar for energy for your cells, tissues and organs. It stores any extra sugar in your liver and muscles for when it is needed. There are two types of carbohydrates: simple and complex.

Dietary Fats

Simple carbohydrates include natural and added sugars. Complex carbohydrates include whole grain breads and cereals, starchy vegetables and legumes. Your body needs some cholesterol to make hormones, vitamin D, and substances that help you digest foods. Your body makes all the cholesterol it needs. However, cholesterol also is found in some of the foods you eat. High levels of cholesterol in the blood can increase your risk of heart disease. Dehydration is a condition that happens when you do not take in enough liquids to replace those that you lose.

You can lose liquids through frequent urinating, sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting. When you are dehydrated, your body does not have enough fluid and electrolytes to work properly.

Fats - biochemistry

Your diet is made up of what you eat and drink. There are many different types of diets, such as vegetarian diets, weight loss diets, and diets for people with certain health problems. A dietary supplement is a product you take to supplement your diet. It contains one or more dietary ingredients including vitamins; minerals; herbs or other botanicals; amino acids; and other substances.

Supplements do not have to go through the testing that drugs do for effectiveness and safety. Digestion is the process the body uses to break down food into nutrients. The body uses the nutrients for energy, growth, and cell repair. Electrolytes are minerals in body fluids. They include sodium, potassium, magnesium, and chloride. When you are dehydrated, your body does not have enough fluid and electrolytes. Enzymes are substances that speed up chemical reactions in the body. Fatty acid is a major component of fats that is used by the body for energy and tissue development.

Lipids: Nutrition and Health - CRC Press Book

Source : National Cancer Institute. Fiber is a substance in plants. Dietary fiber is the kind you eat. It's a type of carbohydrate. You may also see it listed on a food label as soluble fiber or insoluble fiber.


Both types have important health benefits. Fiber makes you feel full faster, and stay full for a longer time. That can help you control your weight. It helps digestion and helps prevent constipation. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley. It can also be in products such as vitamin and nutrient supplements, lip balms, and certain medicines. The glycemic index GI measures how a carbohydrate-containing food raises blood sugar.

HDL stands for high-density lipoproteins. HDL is one of the two types of lipoproteins that carry cholesterol throughout your body. It carries the cholesterol from other parts of your body back to your liver. Your liver removes the cholesterol from your body.

Why we need some fat

LDL stands for low-density lipoproteins. LDL is one of the two types of lipoproteins that carry cholesterol throughout your body. A high LDL level leads to a buildup of cholesterol in your arteries.